The ancient city of Heraclea Lyncestis which lies on the ancient road Via Egnatia is located on the southern outskirts of the city of Bitola at an altitude of 615 m.
Probably founded by the Macedonian King Philip II in IV BC. as a military camp on the site of today's acropolis on the site.
The city developed and expanded in the Macedonian and Roman period when it became a strong economic and political center with a Roman deputy and a Roman army.
During the Roman period, the theater (II century), the courtroom with the portico (II century), the bathroom and the forum were built.
The theater auditorium has a horseshoe base, with a capacity of about 3000 spectators. In the central part of the auditorium there is a box with honorary seats. The theater was later used for gladiatorial and animal fights, as evidenced by the fence openings at the far end of the auditorium.
The Roman bath was built with a hypocaust system, and had three rooms Frigidarium (for cold water), Tepidarium (for lukewarm water) and Caldarium (for hot water).
The portico of the courtroom is actually the eastern part of the Roman forum of the city and it is a porch with statues of gods and deserving citizens. It was called the porch of the courtroom because a statue of the goddess Nemesis goddess of justice was found here.
In the late antique period of IV-VI century the city became an episcopal center and then the city fountain, the episcopal residence and the early Christian basilicas were built.
The basilicas and the episcopal residence are decorated with mosaic floors with scenes from the Bible and ornaments of Christian significance.
The city loses its splendor after the attack of the Avars in the late VI and early VII century but it continues to exist in the medieval period in a more rudimentary form.